Some plants are 8 feet tall with an equal spread; however, most mugo pines are much smaller. A lack of water for transplanted evergreens during a dry summer may also result in a leaf drop that is earlier and more severe than normal. It can be planted in full sunlight or light shade, but it may show signs of winter injury when not protected from severe weather. Each leaf can be up to 6 inches long and is quite thick with a leathery texture. Strathmeyer Forests, Inc. features evergreen forestry, stock, and supply. Each needle is 3 to 4 inches long, slightly twisted, and soft textured. See All Pest, Disease and Weed Identification, See All Beer, Hard Cider, and Distilled Spirits, See All Community Planning and Engagement. Both the male and female plants produce a green flower of little ornamental value. Magnolia is an ancient genus that consists of about 210 species and most have large striking fragrant blossoms and their traits vary widely by … Alluvium is typically made up of a variety of materials, including fine particles It can be used as an accent plant or as a backdrop for small flowering trees. An introduced or non-native plant is one that has been brought into the state to become established in the wild. Leaf color is a dark green above with a lighter green below. The Japanese yew and most of its varieties will function better in a landscape if they are trimmed each season. Entering your postal code will help us provide news or event updates for your area. Depending on the number of trunks, it may grow from 30 to 50 feet high and have a spread of 20 to 30 feet. If possible, select a cultivar that is known to be dwarf or compact since it will retain this size longer. Young trees tend to be rather stiff, but as they mature the small side branches become pendulous producing a weeping effect. All plants will require some pruning from time to time, but the least amount of pruning is best. Most broadleaf evergreens will not do well when subjected to the hot winter sun associated with a southern or southwestern exposure. A dense, multistemed shrub, this boxwood should be kept trimmed at 4 to 6 feet. Cones hang below the branches and can be viewed during the winter. Heavy soils (those high in clay) that do not drain well can be improved with the addition of peat moss, sand, well-rotted manure, or aged sawdust, but never add sand alone to a clay soil. It will grow in poor soil with a high pH but must have full sun for best results. The cultivar 'Compacta' is a very compact plant with smaller leaves; 'Pink Bud' has pink buds and flowers; and 'Variegata' has leaves with white margins. Under landscaping conditions, it will grow 90 to 100 feet with a branch spread of 20 to 30 feet at the base. Hardiness zone--6. Growing 1-2' tall this native evergreen compliments shaded naturalized or formal landscapes. The fruit is a cone about 2 inches in length and 1 inch in diameter. The smaller side branches give it a plume-like appearance. This yew grows 2 to 3 feet high and has a spread of 3 to 4 feet. The flowers are similar to those of the Japanese pieris except that mountain pieris produces flowers in an upright cluster at the end of the stem in mid-April. Most of them evergreen, most of them deer resistant. Includes botanical, habitat,pests, and disease information as well as commercial, native american and modern uses. Each flower is 1/4 to 1/2 inch in diameter. Hardiness zone--3. List of fir trees native to Pennsylvania. This type of small cypress tree is native to Japan and it has a number of beautiful dwarf cultivars. For best growth and development, this evergreen should be planted in full sun where the soil is slightly acidic, well drained, and has adequate moisture all year. 'Aurea' has yellow fruit; 'Lalandi' is very hardy, with orange-red fruit; and 'Mohave' has bright orange-red fruit that is not eaten by the birds. Sycamore trees are identified by their fan-shaped leaves and their round ball-like seed pods. The shape of this plant tends to be rounded or slightly pyramidal. Edge of the Woods Native Plant Nursery, LLC 2415 Route 100, Orefield, PA 18069 Tel: 610/395-2570 Fax: 610/395-3546 E-mail: Web: This plant will reach a height of 10 feet with an equal spread. It can be used for a low border shrub or for massing where its display of spring flowers will add interest. Where a lighter shade of green is called for, this narrowleaf tree maybe a good choice. They are quite short, ¼ to ½ inch long, blunt, and pressed against the twig. It has green foliage and can grow 15 feet high with a spread of 20 feet. The large compound leaves (up to 6 inches long) with five to nine leaflets each are a glossy dark green. Hardiness zone--5. Direct sunlight is not available to plants. It makes a very effective screening and hedge plant when massed together. The scales of the cones are generally covered with resin, which turns white. 'Wardii' is a very dense, slow-growing, and widespreading form that may reach a height of 6 feet. Although this plant is not available in most garden centers, there are many cultivars that are. Two cultivars are available. This small plant with its broadleaf foliage makes an ideal low border planting. As a specimen or background plant it adds a soft green color and fine texture to the landscape. This pine also develops into a small umbrella-like plant with very dense branches in the crown. During the summer months the foliage is deep blue-green or steel-blue and in the winter it turns purple on most cultivars. Many evergreens are seriously injured when planted in excessively windy locations. Foliage and flowers make this plant ideal for shrub borders or as accent specimens. This unusual looking species is often selected as an accent plant for its unique foliage and form. On older portions of the plant the leaves become more needle-like. It does very poorly in dry locations. Audubon Pennsylvania . Specific plant information is also needed to determine if the plant will survive within the limitations of a given site. Hardiness zone--4. The individual narrow leaves are up to 2 inches long and curve upward above the stem. Most gardeners will not have adequate space in their landscapes for this plant. The foliage is ⅓ inch long and slightly rounded. It tends to be round and open, with upright spreading branches. The cone is tapered at both ends and is 2 to 4 inches long and 1 inch in diameter. Two older cultivars are 'Nova Zembla' with red flowers and 'Roseum Elegans' with lavender-pink flowers. It is frequently used as a specimen, background, or windbreak tree. The upper surface of the leaf is dark green and the lower surface is a lighter green. Entering your postal code will help us provide news or event updates for your area. This kind of shade is similar to open shade and is caused by a high wall or building facing east or west. 'Emerson' is low and slow growing, 1 foot high and spreading 9 to 15 feet, with blue foliage during the winter. Fruit on the females is bright red, spherical, and about ¼ inch in diameter. Do not plant it in heavy clay soils or in windy locations. In warmer and protected locations, it will retain foliage from one season to the next. The lower leaf surface is covered with a yellow pubescense, which creates a two-toned effect as the leaf moves in a breeze. The best landscape designs are achieved when evergreens are used in conjunction with other deciduous plants. Many flowering evergreens also grow best in half shade or light shade. Hardiness zone--7 (with winter wind protection). It grows very slowly and can function well in an oriental setting or collection of dwarf plants. Cat/R/M/S. Quercus rubra. In addition to the foliage, attractive flowers cover the plant in June. 'Capitata' is a densely pyramidal form that may grow as high as 40 feet with a spread of up to 15 feet. Individual leaves are broad and elliptic, 2 to 4 inches long, and about 1½ inches wide. The major difference between most of the cultivars is the density and color of the foliage. Adequate space should be allowed for development since scarlet firethorn often grows from 6 to 15 feet high with an equal spread. When used as a specimen or background plant, it gives a more graceful appearance than either the Colorado or Norway spruce. The dwarf forms are probably better for most plantings since they do not get as large as the standard types. If they are part of a shrub border with other plants, light shaping will be adequate to keep them in bounds. These hearty natives are perfect shady summer trees with their broad leaves. Why do we need this? In addition to the foliage properties of the plant, the flowers and fruit have ornamental value. Rarely planted now because of the Hemlock Wooly Adelgid, this native evergreen and State Tree of Pennsylvania is losing popularity as a landscape plant. The fruit is similar to that of American holly. However, if the growing conditions have been normal and the leaf drop is excessive, check the plants for possible infestations of insects or disease. In winter the color changes to a bronze. Two needles are produced per cluster. They have the same properties and limitations as the species, except for size and texture. Native PA Species TREES Eligible for --water ----- It may reach a height of 4 to 6 feet with an equal spread. Leaves on this plant are elliptic and elongated, 1 to 2 inches long and about ½ inch wide, medium green above and light green below. New leaves in the spring are bronze, turn to a deep green in summer, followed by a purple cast in the fall. 10 native trees that make excellent landscape choices Trees shade the yard in summer, add oxygen to the air, and create beauty with their flowers and … This narrowleaf tree is very similar to the concolor fir except that it may not grow as tall. The foliage is elliptic, about ½ to ¾ inch long and ¼ inch wide. They are very stiff, pointed, and dark green all year. It should not be planted near a house; this tree can grow 40 to 60 feet high and spread 25 to 30 feet. Avoid dry and windy planting sites. Hawthorns. As a specimen or accent plant, a Douglas fir can stand alone or can be mixed into mass plantings with other narrowleaf trees. Flowers on these plants are usually quite inconspicuous. Each needle is about 1/2 inch long, stiff, and pointed, with a pale green color all year. It will tolerate more drought than other spruces. Tolerant of a wide variety of soil moisture and pH the only thing this plant is particular about is sun--it needs sun. Hardiness zone--6 (zone 5 with winter protection). The shiny wide leaves of this sedge are bright green and puckered and wavy. Photo: Kathy Salisbury. Appears as a tuft of grass. This shrub will do well under most growing conditions. 'Green Island' has light green leaves that are flat and up to ¾ inch long. Pennsylvania Native Trees Sun Requirements. The list of cultivars is not complete; only an indication of the possible variations that can be used in the landscape. Hardiness zone--6 (5 with wind protection). The central stems on the plant are quite erect. This plant looks good in formal gardens, in topiary works, as a small hedge, or wherever a well-structured evergreen is needed. Chinese juniper is seldom used as a landscape plant because of its size and form. 'Plumosa' is an older cultivar that is wide, dense, and compact, with a purple tint in winter. By entering your email, you consent to receive communications from Penn State Extension. They can be planted in full sun or light shade. The coarse-textured foliage is quite broad and elliptic, about 1 inch wide and 2 to 4 inches long, with scattered spiny teeth along the margin. When planting your living screen, do not plant in a straight line. This broadleaf semi-evergreen can be used in border plantings or as an accent plant. Cultivars of Norway spruce are 'Nidiformis', a shrub-like, dwarf, dense, and broad plant; 'Pendula', with its main branches and stems weeping; and 'Procumbens', a dwarf, broad shrub up to 4 feet high. As the older foliage dies, it tends to remain on the plant for several seasons, which results in a brown inner portion that can be unsightly. 'Pfitzeriana Compacta' is a smaller form of 'Pfitzeriana'. Cultural requirements are the same as those for the Japanese pieris. This pine also can be planted in heavy clay soils and full sun. They can be used as an accent planting or for low borders in front of other plants. It is a slow-growing, weeping hemlock. The variety 'Sargenti' grows 18 to 24 inches high and may spread as much as 8 to 9 feet with stems having blue-green foliage. For optimum growth and foliage color, this tree should be planted in full sun. Menu. Extension and advisory systems for developing countires. Think of the cool, moist ravines you would naturally find this growing when you site this particular plant. The narrow leaves on the tree are leathery, about ⅛ inch in diameter, and up to 4 inches long. Good growing conditions will improve its ability to withstand hard winters. It also requires the same growing conditions as American holly but is very susceptible to wind damage. Soil conditions are probably more critical with the broadleaf evergreens than for most narrowleaf varieties. Hardiness zone--5. This fruit contains hard inner seeds, which are very toxic. The narrow grass-like silvery blue foliage of this evergreen sedge adds additional foliage color and texture to the landscape. This tree frequently develops a broad pyramidal shape with irregular branches that often become pendulous with age. 'Procumbens' reaches a height of 6 inches but spreads to 12 or 15 feet and features blue-green foliage. The fruit is ovoid, about ⅓ inch long. The one you might select will depend on requirements of your landscape setting. 'Blue Rug' is a dense, slow-growing prostrate plant with blue-green foliage. It will also survive better in light shade than most other evergreen trees. There are two cultivars with different colored flowers. Some of the smallest types of Hinoki cypress trees … Hardiness zone--6 (with wind protection). Heading out to a farm to pick out a Christmas tree is a long-treasured tradition that not everyone can enjoy this year. Do not shear this plant, or the outer layer will become too dense and increase the inner browning process. Many gardeners like this broadleaf evergreen for a low border planting. The spreading forms can be used as border, screening, or hedge plants, while the smaller, low-growing forms can be used as groundcovers. Cultivars include 'Conica', a dwarf conical form, and 'Densata,' a slow-growing conical form. Preferring well-drained slightly acidic soils, the Eastern White Pine is a bit more tolerant of various soil moistures than other native evergreens. As the trees mature, the branching structure becomes quite prominent, with heavy horizontal limbs. Plants grow best in a light, moist, well-drained soil that is slightly acidic. Found in the wild in cool moist woods, this is one evergreen that doesn't seem to mind the shade. The irregular growth habit and form of this narrowleaf tree make it an ideal accent or specimen plant for small gardens. They will grow best, however, in a moderately moist, acidic or slightly acidic soil, and open, sunny locations. Trees provide a renewable source of lumber, paper, nuts and chemicals. There are two needles per cluster and individual needles can be up to 4 inches long on some plants. Japanese cryptomeria tends to be a pyramidal or conical tree with a heavy central trunk. Hardiness zone--5. Oriental spruce will tolerate poor soil but will respond to good growing conditions. Evergreens do not lose all their foliage at one time like deciduous plants, and the life of any one leaf can range from one to six years, depending on the species of plant. 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