[83] The air space caused most of the oil platforms in the North Sea to not be able to fly in new personnel, causing existing crews to have to work until 18 April.[84]. Als die Wolke den europäischen Kontinent erreichte, sei die Vulkanasche aber schon so verdünnt gewesen, dass dort keine Gefahr für die Gesundheit der Menschen bestanden habe. As the ash cloud spread south and east, air traffic controllers responded by closing airspace due to safety fears. Flight over Eyjafjallajökull 25 May 2010 at eleven o'clock. [23], But before the volcanic events of April 2010, aircraft engine manufacturers still had not defined specific particle levels above which engines were considered to be at risk. "[131], In the afternoon of 19 April, German carriers Lufthansa and Air Berlin obtained permission for some flights from and to German airports under Visual Flight Rules. This means that aircraft on a route such as Tokyo to New York can fly over Denmark. The nature of the volcanic hazard – type, frequency, magnitude Although the UK Met Office map of 21 April[115] shows the ash cloud reaching Labrador, Newfoundland, the Maritime provinces, far eastern Quebec, and the Gulf of St. Lawrence, concentrations were expected to be sparse. Klicken Sie auf den Button, spielen wir den Hinweis auf dem anderen Gerät aus und Sie können SPIEGEL+ weiter nutzen. At Glasgow, an Air Transat flight to Toronto took off while a British Airways flight from New York, and a Thomas Cook flight from Orlando[122] and Icelandair flights from Keflavik[123] landed. It was the Icelandic economy’s last wish that its ashes be scattered over the EU. The Ministry of Transport closed most national air zones by 00:00 UTC+3 on 17 April: only southern airports remained open. [111], On 4 May, the airspace over Northern Ireland and the west of Scotland closed from 07:00 to 13:00 UTC+1. In response to concerns that volcanic ash ejected during the 2010 eruptions of Eyjafjallajökull in Iceland would damage aircraft engines, the controlled airspace of many European countries was closed to instrument flight rules traffic, resulting in the largest air-traffic shut-down since World War II. [165], There was much criticism by airlines, which suffered large financial losses, of the airspace closures as unnecessary; however, the EU transport presidency disagreed, saying that "This situation is causing them important losses, but safety is paramount".[166]. 27 May 2010 . The London Volcanic Ash Advisory Centre (VAAC) was responsible for providing information about the ash plume to the relevant civil aviation authoritiesin the form of Volcanic Ash Advisories (VAA). The 2010 eruptions of Eyjafjallajökull were volcanic events at Eyjafjallajökull in Iceland which, although relatively small for volcanic eruptions, caused enormous disruption to air travelacross western and northern Europe over an initial period of six days in April 2010. Direct Flights from Europe to Eyjafjallajökull? Grounded flights and stranded passengers as a result of Eyjafjallajökull volcanic eruption in Iceland 15 - 21 April 2010. Approximate depiction of the ash cloud at 18:00 UTC on 21 April 2010. [30], Under international regulations, all scheduled passenger flights operate under the instrument flight rules (IFR) which requires clearance to be obtained from air traffic control. Flybe was the first airline to conform to these regulations and their aircraft will be permitted to enter airspace in which the ash density is between 2 mg and 4 mg per cubic metre. These levels were declared by governments, aircraft manufacturers, and airlines not to have safety implications if appropriate maintenance and ash inspection procedures were followed.[26][27]. Approximate depiction of the ash cloud at 18:00 UTC on 18 April 2010. Eyjafjallajökull erupted a number of times in 2010, having previously not erupted since 1823. However, further closures occurred on 5 May. Before this, the severest restrictions to air travel in recent times were following the attacks of 11 September 2001 in the United States when all civil air traffic (not just scheduled) in US airspace, and to and from the United States, was grounded for three days. Iceland’s Eyjafjallajökull Volcano burst into life for the first time in 190 years on March 20, 2010. " The Eyjafjallajökull eruption grounded most air traffic in northern Europe from 15 April 2010, and there was no sign of significant improvement as of the forecast for 17 April at 06:00 GMT. Scientists from the Institute of the Earth Sciences brought a heat sensitive camera on board and measured 300°C in the crater and 50°C in the lava field north of that. Most airspace started to close from 15 April. "Eyjafjallajökull". It was expected that normal flights will resume from Friday, 23 April, due to the backlog of flights. [169], On 19 April, NATO reported finding molten glass in the engines of at least one F-16, the result of flying through the ash cloud, leading to the scaling-down of U.S. military exercises. [132], Late on 19 April and early on 20 April, some flights were permitted to take off in northern Europe, including from Scotland and northern England, but Manchester Airport, that had planned to open on 20 April, remained closed because of a new ash cloud. [41], On 15 April, the Irish Aviation Authority announced restrictions on flying in Irish airspace until 06:00 IST on Friday 16 April at the earliest[58] Restrictions were lifted on flights to and from Cork, Shannon, and some regional airports by the day's end but restrictions remained at Dublin until 11:00 UTC+1. [63] On Tuesday 20 April, it was reported that at least 30,000 Irish people were still stranded abroad, unable to get home. [170], On 23 April it was announced that British Royal Air Force training flights had been suspended following volcanic ash damage to the engines of Eurofighter Typhoon aircraft. The eruption was declared officially over in October 2010, when snow on the glacier did not melt. [129] In the evening of 18 April German airspace was partially re-opened for a period of 3 hours allowing a plane of stranded holidaymakers from Faro, Portugal to land at Hanover. It has been an active volcano since many decades. "Volcano Erupts Under Eyjafjallajökull" — The Reykjavík Grapevine, March 21, 2010 " Volcanic eruption in Eyjafjallaglacier - flights to Iceland are on hold " — Icelandair , March 21, 2010 The effects of the volcanic eru… Records show eruptions in 920, 1612 or 1613, 1821–23, and 2010. With large parts of European airspace closed to air traffic, many more countries were affecte… Geschmolzene Ascheteilchen können sich anschließend auf den kühleren Turbinenschaufeln ablagern und so allmählich die Triebwerke der Maschinen zerstören: "Daher waren die Bedenken um den Lufttransport berechtigt. It is a relatively small volcano, and is located W of Katla volcano. On 16 April 2010, 16,000 of Europe's usual 28,000 daily s… [163] On 19 April, the cabinet crisis response committee (COBRA) decided that Royal Navy ships should be utilised to repatriate stranded British travellers, in Operation Cunningham. [8] Irish and UK airspace closed again on 16 May and reopened on 17 May.[9]. [67], On 20 April at 21:00 UTC+1 Irish airspace fully re-opened, but air travellers were advised to contact their airline. [109], There remained no commercial airliners in British airspace until the morning of 16 April, when an Air Transat flight was given clearance to leave Glasgow for Toronto. It left behind vast ash clouds so large that in some areas daylight was entirely obscured. Twenty-six British Airways long-haul flights were already in the air and requesting permission to land. Volcanic Ash Strands Thousands at Airport, Even Grounds Jet Set, "Winchester church members stranded in India", "Notice for holders of expired visas whose travel plans have been disrupted by the volcanic ash", "Belarus eases visa formalities for foreign passengers affected by European air chaos", "Iceland's volcanic eruption's impacts on travel in Finland", "Belarus, Serbia waive transit formalities for stranded Europeans", "Застрявшим в московских аэропортах иностранцам готовы продлить визы", "East Coast Railway provides extra train services as travellers switch from the skies", "EXTRA: Volcanic ash, rail strike disrupt French holiday travel", "Volcano-Stranded Travelers Turn to Social Media", Cisco: Iceland Volcano Boosts Video Conferencing, Volcano lifts travellers' prices but rip-offs seem rare, "John Cleese takes taxi from Oslo to Brussels", Volcano cloud Britons could return via 'Spanish hub', "Royal Navy ships to return Britons stranded by volcano", "City Room: Airliners' Loss Is Ocean Liners' Gain", EU disagrees with airlines' criticism over airspace closure, "PICTURES: Finnish F-18 engine check reveals effects of volcanic dust", "Tuhka vaurioitti ilmavoimien Hornet-hävittäjiä | Keski-Suomi", "UPDATE 3-Glass build-up found in NATO F-16 engine-US official Keski-Suomi", "Iceland volcano: the impact of the ash cloud on Britain", "RAF grounds fighter jets after volcanic dust is found in engines", European Union Agrees to Accelerate Joint Control of Skies, "Pył wulkaniczny sprawia, że głowy państw odwołują wizyty – Wiadomości", "Ash stops Charles, Miliband attending Kaczynski funeral", "Europe counts saved carbon emissions as flights stay grounded", "Iceland volcano causes fall in carbon emissions as eruption grounds aircraft", "Live: Volcanic cloud over Europe" updates on BBC News, Volcanic Ash Advisory Graphical Forecast for the North Atlantic region, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Air_travel_disruption_after_the_2010_Eyjafjallajökull_eruption&oldid=989826648, Aviation accidents and incidents in Europe, Airliner accidents and incidents caused by volcanic events, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Articles with dead external links from June 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with dead external links from November 2019, Articles with French-language sources (fr), Articles with Dutch-language sources (nl), Articles with dead external links from September 2018, Articles with dead external links from July 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2011, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from April 2010, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Flight video; variations of traffic due to ash cloud. [171], The disruption accelerated the integration of the national air traffic control systems into the Single European Sky and the immediate creation of a crisis coordination group to handle future transportation disruptions. Eine neue Studie zeigt, dass die Aschepartikel gefährlich waren - aus zwei Gründen. Additional localised disruption continued into May 2010. Ein Reisender aus Mähren namens Daniel Vetter beschrieb im Winter 1612 bzw. Once inside Europe, many people tried to reach their final destination by train or road. However, there were some environmental advantages arising from a saving of around 1.3 to 2.8 million tonnes of carbon dioxide emissions.[175][176]. [citation needed], The Canadian airspace was never closed or restricted because of volcanic ash. The engines were sent for disassembly and overhaul. From 14 April onwards, the controlled airspace was closed in several European countries and no IFR clearances were granted. Some started to return to Mexico on 21 April and by 24 April most of them were already home. Denn geraten die Fremdkörper in die Lunge, setzen sie sich dort fest und lösen Husten, Luftnot und Lungenvernarbungen aus. In April 2010, volcano eruptions rocked Eyjafjallajökull, a small ice cap in Iceland, leading to more than 100,000 flights canceled. April 2010): Aschewolke legte Europas Flugverkehr lahm. ", "Le nuage de cendres pourrait atteindre Terre-Neuve", "Volcanic ash has no impact on East Coast flights", "Volcanic cloud fears lift, Canadian airspace remains open", "Volcanic ash keeps flights across Europe grounded", Scots keep world flying in fallout from volcano, "Ist das Flugverbot berechtigt oder ein Skandal? At the beginning of March 2010 over 3000 earthquakes were measured in a 24 hour period, with a maximum at magnitude 3.1. Abo… Approximate depiction of the ash cloud at 18:00 UTC on 20 April 2010. The closure resulted in 10 million passengers left stranded across the world. [66] Shannon Airport opened at 13:00 UTC+1 on 20 April (not for departing commercial flights) but Cork Airport and Dublin Airport remained closed. Eine vor kurzem vom Deutschen Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt veröffentlichte Untersuchung hatte ergeben, dass der festgelegte Grenzwert von zwei Milligramm Asche pro Kubikmeter über Deutschland zu an keinem Tag überschritten worden war. As the ash cloud spread south and east, air traffic controllers responded by closing airspace due to safety fears. [58], The government's emergency planning taskforce, which included several government departments, An Garda Síochána, Met Éireann, the Irish Aviation Authority (IAA), and Dublin Airport Authority (DAA), met on the evening of 15 April to discuss the emergency. March 26, 2010 4:31 pm March 26, 2010 4:31 pm Vilhelm Gunnersson, via European Pressphoto Agency People watched the Eyjafjallajokull volcano erupt this week in Iceland These are particularly dark days in the land of fire and ice, as the people of Iceland, or at least the travel agents among them, like to refer to their country. At 02:00 CET on 17 April, the air space over northern Croatia was closed, including, At 23:00 UTC+02 on 15 April 24 airports, including. The northside of the crater is stained yellow with sulfurides. Some military aircraft which flew during the period of closure suffered engine damage, although no crashes were reported. of Eyjafjallajökull eruption in 2010 on airline operations as regard to tourist arrivals to Iceland? Afterwards, seven KLM planes with no passengers returned from Düsseldorf to Amsterdam. Prior to Eyjafjallajökull’s 2010 eruption, airlines and engine manufacturers had mostly sidestepped the issue of testing the effects of ash on engines. An earthquake swarm began under Eyjafjallajokull volcano in January 2010. The airports affected were East Midlands, Manchester, Liverpool, Doncaster Sheffield, Humberside, Carlisle, Belfast City, Belfast International, Glasgow Prestwick, those on Scottish islands, and the Isle of Man. Experts warn of future volcanic eruptions and possible flight disruption. [164], After the disruption in transatlantic flight, the Cunard Line said its volume of calls inquiring about booking passage on its ocean liner RMS Queen Mary 2 by stranded air passengers wishing to cross by ship had tripled since the weekend of 16 April. However, Naviair assessed that it is safe to fly through airspace in high altitude – 35,500 feet (10,800 m). Swedish and Norwegian charter tourists visiting Mallorca, Canary Islands, Cyprus, or Egypt were flown to Barcelona or Athens and then driven back to Sweden and Norway by bus. The IAA said the decision was based on information from the Volcanic Ash Advice Centre (VAAC). Professor Bill McGuire of the Aon Benfield UCL Hazard Research Centre said on 15 April that the most notable eruption of the Icelandic volcano Laki which occurred in 1783,[19] would, if it occurred today "have the potential to severely affect air travel at high northern latitudes for six months or more". The lava fountains are orange-red, barely visible at the 10-meter (33-foot) resolution of the satellite. There were no problems reported and no sign of damage to the planes. [20] Geophysicists in Iceland said that the production of ash from Eyjafjallajökull was likely to continue at a comparable level for some days or even weeks; a geophysicist at the Icelandic Meteorological Office said, "Where it disrupts travel depends on the weather. Daher hätten auch Nebel und Regen die Partikel nicht abgestumpft und damit unschädlich gemacht. [68] A statement from the Irish Aviation Authority said "[it] is expected that flights tomorrow [21 April] will focus on positioning aircraft and crews and full service by the airlines may take up to three days to recover. It was the biggest disruption to flights since 9/11. According to a news article from 27 October, a scientist at the University of Iceland Institute of Earth Sciences noted that the eruption of Eyjafjallajökull, that began as a fissure eruption on 20 March 2010 and later continued from the summit caldera on 14 April, was over. By 23 April, the restrictions were lifted over much of Europe through the introduction of new guidelines on volcanic ash density. On 16 April its whole airspace was shut down. When the first ash eruption began on April 14, air travel across most of Europe was shut down, but by the time of the second eruption, forecasters were better prepared to predict the spread of volcanic ash. Jet engine tolerance to airborne particles, Air travel disruption after the Eyjafjöll 2010 eruption, attacks of 11 September 2001 in the United States, Effects of the April 2010 Eyjafjallajökull eruption, many scheduled cultural and sporting events, Crisis situations and protests in Europe since 2000, "Met Office: Volcanic Ash Advisory from London – Issued graphics", "Iceland volcano: Why a cloud of ash has grounded flights", "Cancellations due to volcanic ash in the air", "Iceland Volcano Spewing Ash Chokes Europe Air Travel", "Ash closes airports in Spain, Portugal, Italy", "Flights resuming normal service as airports reopen", "Iceland's volcanic ash halts flights across Europe", "Smoked Out: Why Volcanic Ash and Planes Fight for the Same Small Airspace", "Flight disruptions cost airlines $1.7bn, says IATA", "Ash cloud chaos: Airlines face huge task as ban ends", "Volcanic eruptions: Science and Risk Management", "Disrupted Air Travel in Northern Europe for Third Full Day", Icelandic Volcano Caused Historic Famine In Egypt, Study Shows, "Volcano chaos as Iceland eruption empties skies in Britain", "ABC News – Foreign Correspondent – May – transcript", "Iceland – World, Interrupted – Foreign Correspondent", "Can we fly safely through volcanic ash? It was expected that normal flights would resume on Friday 23 April. [citation needed] The airspace of Iceland itself was hardly disrupted in this period (although a change in the wind direction on 23 April caused the main airport to be closed). [62], On Monday 19 April, the country's aviation chief warned that Dublin was "damned" and would be shut off to the rest of the world until Friday 23 April. [1] The general approach taken by airspace regulators was that if the ash concentration rose above zero, then the airspace was considered unsafe and was consequently closed. [125] On the morning of 17 April Lufthansa moved 10 aircraft from Munich to Frankfurt at low altitude following visual flight rules. This corresponds to 10 million stranded passengers and a loss of approximately 1.5 - 2.5 billion euros for the airlines in just a few days. The eruption of Eyjafjallajökull back in 2010 famously caused the most expansive shutdown of European airspace since the close of the Second ... it’s position near to major flight … The Eyjafjallajökull volcano in Iceland is known to everyone because of its most recent eruption in the year 2010 that disrupted the air traffic in entire Europe. Beim Ausbruch des Vulkans am 14. However further closures and cancellations occurred the next day, on 5 May. [17] By 21 April 95,000 flights had been cancelled.[18]. The eruption was characterised by the opening of a fissure and basaltic lava flows from numerous vents. On 16 April, all international airports in Germany were closed. Abstract: The eruption of Icelandic volcano Eyjafjallajökull in April 2010 had a tremendous impact on global air traffic and led to 48% cancelled flights [1]. Around 600 Mexican middle-school students, ranging from 12 to 16 years old, who had attended a competition in England for foreign students and scheduled to return home on 18 April were stranded for almost a week. Aircraft from. For the first couple of weeks, lava oozed from a fissure on its ice-free flank, and the resulting ash plume was anything but impressive. Seismic activity started towards the end of 2009 building up to the first eruption on 20th March 2010. ", "Islanda: Presidente Airberlin, Rischio voli è bufala dei computer", Überführungsflug landet sicher in Frankfurt, Incident: Ural Airlines A321 near Vienna on 17 Apr 2010, fuel emergency, Zeven KLM-toestellen terug uit Düsseldorf, "Test flights begin, but travel remains seriously disrupted by Icelandic volcanic ash", EU: Half of regular flights may operate Monday, Flugchaos: Lufthansa und Air Berlin holen Tausende Deutsche zurück, "Travel latest: UK airspace reopens from 10 pm", Special Timetable of Lufthansa German Airlines for 20APR10, |en|Homepage|Homepage%20-%20Hero|Lufthansa%20returns%20to Lufthansa returns to normal flight operations, Volcanic ash grounds Britain for days to come, Volcanic ash: Now a million Britons stranded, Thousands stranded in Asia due to Iceland volcano, Qantas cancels flights as ash smothers Europe, Volcanic ash spreads more travel misery across Europe, "Pupils and teachers stranded by volcanic ash drift", "Athens International Airport to Oslo, Norway", Stranded BA passengers sent to back of queue, $5,500 Cab Ride? [113][114], Almost every country with an international airport experienced some disruption due to flights to or from Europe being canceled. [142] Disruption was greater than that after the 11 September attacks, for example:[143], Stranded passengers were not necessarily given priority over new passengers for return flights. After an initial uninterrupted shutdown over much of northern Europe from 15 to 23 April, airspace was closed intermittently in different parts of Europe in the following weeks, as the path of the ash cloud was tracked. From noon 18 May, the CAA further revised the safe limit upwards to 4 milligrams per cubic metre of air space. [65], It had been anticipated that Irish air space would re-open for limited flights from 05:00 UTC+1 on 20 April; however, the volcanic ash cloud made this impossible. [157], Most UK and Irish ferry routes were exceptionally busy and coach operator Bus Éireann arranged extra Eurolines services between Ireland and England via ferry. [10] The presence and location of the plume depended upon the state of the eruption and the winds. The key question is supported by the following sub-questions: How did the Eyjafjallajökull volcanic eruption affect international flights? Eyjafjallajökull after the eruption in April 2010 from the plane // Source: Flight tours operator Atlantsflug (Flightseeing.is) The ash cloud was a threat until May, but then all airlines started to come back to a regular schedule. Airspace north of, The Federal Office of Civil Aviation issued a. On 16 April 2010, 16,000 of Europe's usual 28,000 daily scheduled passenger flights were cancelled and on the following day 16,000 of the usual 22,000 flights were cancelled. Sweden's airspace was closed at 20:00 UTC on 15 April. "It's easy to close down air space because then it's perfectly safe, but at some time you have to resume flights. im Fachmagazin "Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences" . [60], On 16 April, Irish air space was reopened for domestic flights from 10:00 IST and westward transatlantic flights resumed from Dublin:[61] Irish flights which were scheduled to fly eastwards over the United Kingdom and continental European airspace remained grounded. [22], Iceland's authorities had been warning the airlines for several years, asking them to determine the density of ash that is safe for their jet engines. But you might want to try "Island Montain Glacier" instead. The total CO2 Emission for your trip is 50.24 kg; Your total cost to flights from Sauðárkrókur to Eyjafjallajökull is about 150.0 USD ( 23.0 USD for car ride, 80.0 USD for flight 40.0 USD for bus ride, 2.7 USD for car ride, ) The travel delays and cancelled flights caused by the eruption of an Icelandic volcano dominated the conversation among bloggers last week. On 16 April 2010, 16,000 of Europe's usual 28,000 daily scheduled passenger flights were cancelled and on the following day 16,000 of the usual 22,000 flights … Eyjafjallajökull clears the skies The Flightradar24 network was much smaller then (as were the images being stored by twitter), but you can see the empty skies over northern Europe. The extremely fine ash particles and the large volume of steam from the glacial meltwater sent an ash plume hazardous to aircraft rapidly high into the upper atmosphere. [69] At 13:00 UTC+1 the airspace over Northern Ireland and Scotland fully re-opened. On Saturday 17 April, the airspace over Belarus was closed. [70], Over 198 flights at the Rome airports were cancelled, 436 at the Milan airports, 104 at Naples, and 43 at Catania. Flights in European airspace were grounded for several days as the ash plume from the volcanic eruptions spread far and wide. No flights were to be allowed in or out until 7am this morning at the earliest. However, in the days following there were brief windows free of the cloud at different locations which were exploited to make a few aircraft movements. There was no restriction on visual flight rules traffic. On Sunday 18 April, all Bulgarian airports were closed. The scoria cones surrounding the fissure are black, as is the lava flow extending to the northeast. “Airlines deferred to the turbine manufacturers, and turbine manufacturers said they don’t need to test the effects of ash because there is no regulation requiring it.” Since Eyjafjallajökull, “the volcanic ash and aviation story ha… [116], On Monday, 19 April, the combination of heavy fog with a warning by Transport Canada and Nav Canada of a 30% risk of volcanic ash reaching St. John's led to the cancellation of several flights scheduled to leave St. John's International Airport, Gander, and Deer Lake. Flight instruments, windows, lights, wings and cabin air supply can also be affected. "[120] On Tuesday, 20 April, two Air Canada Jazz flights between the Magdalen Islands and Quebec City cancelled stop-offs in Gaspé because of ash over the Michel-Pouliot Gaspé Airport.[121]. Almost half of these, including Barack Obama, Angela Merkel, José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero, Stephen Harper, and Nicolas Sarkozy, were unable to travel to Poland because of the disrupted air traffic. People hired coaches, hire cars, and taxis while the train companies reported a large increase in passenger numbers. [124] Spokesmen for Lufthansa and KLM stated that during their test flights, required by the European Union, there were no problems with the aircraft. Belgium's airspace closed at 16:30 CEST on 15 April. by Harry on March 21, 2010 It seems that the first passenger flights have started leaving Iceland, after this morning’s cancellations. The image was acquired on March 24, 2010, by the Advanced Land Imager (ALI) aboard NASA’s Earth Observing-1 (EO-1) satellite. Additional localised disruption continued into May 2010. The massive volcanic plumes released on the 14th of April 2010, covered almost the entirety of Northern Europe and forced more than 20 countries to close their airspace. [61], On 17 April, the ash spread to most of Ireland, and all airspace was closed until 18:00 UTC+01, and subsequently extended until 18:00 UTC+01 on Monday 19 April. Iceland’s Eyjafjallajökull Volcano produced its second major ash plume of 2010 beginning on May 7. Only steam comes from the crater, no ash. ", Keine Gesundheitsgefahr auf dem europäischen Kontinent. In response to concerns that volcanic ash ejected during the 2010 eruptions of Eyjafjallajökull in Iceland would damage aircraft engines, the controlled airspace of many European countries was closed to instrument flight rulestraffic, resulting in what at the time was the largest air-traffic shut-down since World War II. As a result, all unnecessary military flights were cancelled except for identification flights to enforce sovereign airspace. Ist es wirklich erforderlich gewesen, nach Ausbruch des isländischen Vulkans Eyjafjallajökull im April vergangenen Jahres den Luftraum über Europa zu sperren? In addition to being stranded, some travelers also encountered issues with their visas after arriving at destinations unexpectedly: On 17 April the UK Border Agency announced that it would make allowances for travellers who were unable to leave the UK and whose visas had expired, provided that evidence of travel reservations during the travel disruption was presented. [13] The Airport Operators Association (AOA) estimated that airports lost £80 million over the six-and-a-half days. Eyjafjallajökull (20. Published May 6, … Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. The no fly zone affected both Belfast airports and Derry airport. [140] Several thousand passengers were stranded in Asia,[141] the United States, and Australia. Depiction of the estimated ash cloud at 18:00 UTC on 17 April 2010. The eruptions of Eyjafjallajökull in Iceland were a series of volcanic activities from March to June of 2010. Die Aschepartikel, die das Team um Sigurdur Gislason von der Universität von Island analysiert hat, waren "hart genug, um ein Pilotenfenster undurchsichtig werden zu lassen", wenn sie darauf aufschlagen, heißt es Zwei Wochen später hatte der Vulkan hingegen Asche ausgespuckt, die für Vulkanausbrüche typisch sei, schwarz und grobkörnig wie "trockener Sand".

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